BLS: Qquestion and Answer by (NHCPS)


BLS: Qquestion and Answer by (NHCPS)

True or False: The jaw-thrust maneuver should be used to open the airway of an individual with a suspected head or neck injury.
Your Answer: True

CORRECT
True or False: It is recommended to minimize interruptions in CPR for pulse checks and shocks.
Your Answer: True

CORRECT
True or False: For infants, an AED is preferred to a manual defibrillator for defibrillation.
Your Answer: False

CORRECT
True or False: If the individual is making high pitched wheezing noises and gasping for air you should encourage them to cough.
Your Answer: True

CORRECT
True or False: An AED may be used normally even if the individual is lying on snow.
Your Answer: True

CORRECT
True or False: CPR is performed while a second rescuer gets an AED.
Your Answer: True

CORRECT
True or False: Interruptions in CPR for repeated defibrillator shocks provide better resuscitation in all individuals.
Your Answer: False

CORRECT
True or False: If the individual has no pulse and the rhythm is NOT shockable, it is always recommended that you insert advanced airway; then start CPR.
Your Answer: False

CORRECT
What is the compression to ventilation ratio you should use when giving CPR to any individual?
 15:01
 15:02
 *30:02:00
 30:01:00
CORRECT

When performing two-rescuer CPR, how often should you switch roles?
 After every 10 cycles of CPR
 *After every five cycles of CPR
 After every 15 cycles of CPR
 After every cycle of CPR
CORRECT

Where should you attempt to perform a pulse check in an infant?
 Carotid or femoral artery
 Temporal artery
 Popliteal artery
 *Brachial artery
CORRECT

Why are breaths so important for children and infants in cardiac arrest?
 *Because they often have respiratory failure that reduces the oxygen content in the blood before the onset of arrest.
 Because they have smaller lungs.
 Because breaths help to dislodge foreign bodies.
 None of the above
CORRECT

With an advanced airway in place during two-rescuer CPR, how often should breaths administered?
 Every 2 to 3 seconds ( 20 to 30 breaths per minute)
 *Every 6 to 8 seconds ( 8 to 10 breaths per minute)
 Every 4 to 5 seconds ( 12 to 15 breaths per minute)
 Every 10 to 12 seconds ( 5 to 6 breaths per minute)
CORRECT

The rescuer’s exhaled air contains approximately _____ oxygen and _____ carbon dioxide.
 10%, 8%
 21%, 2%
 6%, 12%
 *17%, 4%
CORRECT

Rescue breaths for children and infants should be administered how often?
 *Every 3 to 5 seconds (12 to 20 breaths per minute)
 Every 10 to 12 seconds (5 to 6 breaths per minute)
 Every 5 to 6 seconds (10 to 12 breaths per minute)
 Every 20 to 30 seconds (2 to 3 breaths per minute)
CORRECT

How should you attempt to relieve choking in a responsive individual over the age of one year?
 Back slaps
 Finger sweep
 None of the above
 *Abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver)
CORRECT

What is the next step when an adult choking individual becomes unresponsive?
 Defibrillate.
 *Activate the emergency response system.
 Give rescue breaths.
 Check for pulse.
CORRECT

What is the appropriate way to clear an object from an infant’s airway?
 Abdominal thrusts
 The Heimlich maneuver
 Blind finger sweep
 *Back blows and chest thrusts
CORRECT

An AED can be used in which of the following special situations?
 Individual with an implanted pacemaker
 Individual with a transdermal medication patch on
 Individual with an hairy chest
 *All of the above
CORRECT

What should you do if the individual chest is wet when using an AED?
 *Quickly wipe it dry before proceeding with AED use.
 Proceed with AED use as usual.
 Do not use an AED device.
 Rub isopropyl alcohol on the individual skin before proceeding with AED use.
CORRECT

You are alone when you encounter an individual in what appears to be cardiac or respiratory arrest. What are the first three steps you should take to stabilize the individual? Check for danger, check for response, and ____________.
 Administer an initial shock.
 Insert an advanced airway.
 *Activate EMS.
 Start CPR.
CORRECT

You are alone when you encounter an adult with cardiac arrest. Individual is not breathing, has no pulse, and has no suspected cervical spine trauma. Which maneuver should you use to open the airway?
 Jaw-thrust maneuver
 Blind finger-sweeps
 *Head-tilt-chin-lift maneuver
 Head-tilt maneuver only
CORRECT

Which of the following may be essential to maintaining an individual’s airway open?
 Chest thrusts
 Rescue breaths
 O2 administration
 *An advanced airway
CORRECT

Which of the following would be your next call to action if the rhythm is unshockable, and there is no pulse?
 Resume CPR and prepare AED to administer a shock.
 Administer atropine if the individual has a fast heart rate.
 None of the above
 *Immediately resume CPR.
CORRECT

What does BLS prioritize?
 *A. Early high-quality CPR
 B. Immediate IV access
 C. Delayed defibrillation
 D. Both A and C
CORRECT



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