Thursday, March 07, 2019

Pediatric and Neonatal Mechanical Ventilation: From Basics to Clinical Practice 2015

Written by outstanding authorities from all over the world, this comprehensive new textbook on pediatric and neonatal ventilation puts the focus on the effective delivery of respiratory support to children, infants and newborns. In the early chapters, developmental issues concerning the respiratory system are considered, physiological and mechanical principles are introduced and airway management and conventional and alternative ventilation techniques are discussed. Thereafter, the rational use of mechanical ventilation in various pediatric and neonatal pathologies is explained, with the emphasis on a practical step-by-step approach. Respiratory monitoring and safety issues in ventilated patients are considered in detail, and many other topics of interest to the bedside clinician are covered, including the ethics of withdrawal of respiratory support and educational issues. Throughout, the text is complemented by numerous illustrations and key information is clearly summarized in tables and lists.
Table of contents : 
Front Matter....Pages i-x
Front Matter....Pages 1-1
Development of the Respiratory System (Including the Preterm Infant)....Pages 3-25
The Neonatal Neuromechanical Unit: Generalities of Operation....Pages 27-42
Basics of Gas Exchange....Pages 43-54
The Respiratory System....Pages 55-112
Front Matter....Pages 113-113
Neonatal Intubation (Specific Considerations)....Pages 115-121
Oxygen Supplementation, Delivery, and Physiologic Effects....Pages 123-134
Nasal CPAP: An Evidence-Based Assessment....Pages 135-148
Mechanical Ventilation....Pages 149-274
Airway Humidification....Pages 275-281
Specific Equipment Required for Home Mechanical Ventilation in Children....Pages 283-289
Front Matter....Pages 291-291
Respiratory Mechanics in the Mechanically Ventilated Patient....Pages 293-371
Front Matter....Pages 373-373
Classical Respiratory Monitoring....Pages 375-419
Monitoring of the Mechanical Behaviour of the Respiratory System During Controlled Mechanical Ventilation....Pages 421-440
Monitoring Lung Volumes During Mechanical Ventilation....Pages 441-471
Monitoring Interactions Between Spontaneous Respiration and Mechanical Inflations....Pages 473-489
Basic and Practically Useful Respiratory Monitoring of a Mechanically Ventilated Patient in Resource-Limited Countries....Pages 491-499
Front Matter....Pages 501-501
Indications for Noninvasive Respiratory Support....Pages 503-534
Indications for Invasive Conventional Mechanical Ventilation....Pages 535-557
Indications for Nonconventional Ventilation Modes....Pages 559-602
Respiratory Support in Developing Countries Where Resources Are Limited....Pages 603-612
Front Matter....Pages 613-613
Respirator Cycle Control Modes....Pages 615-641
Front Matter....Pages 643-643
Clinical Use of Nonconventional Modes of Ventilator Support....Pages 645-668
Front Matter....Pages 669-669
The Prone Position in Acute Lung Injury....Pages 671-686
Respiratory Physiotherapy and Endotracheal Suctioning During Mechanical Ventilation....Pages 687-710
Fluid Management in the Ventilated Patient....Pages 711-723
Front Matter....Pages 725-725
Permissive Hypercapnia....Pages 727-742
Permissive Hypercapnia in Neonates: Specific Experience and Limitations....Pages 743-757
Front Matter....Pages 759-759
Surfactant....Pages 761-807
Selective Pulmonary Vasodilators....Pages 809-836
Drug Nebulization During Mechanical Ventilation....Pages 837-861
Use of Potent Inhalational Anesthetic Agents During Mechanical Ventilation....Pages 863-885
Rational Use of Adjunctive Therapies: Efficacy and Efficiency....Pages 887-914
Front Matter....Pages 915-915
Ventilator-Associated Lung Injury....Pages 917-945
Gross Air Leaks....Pages 947-960
Infectious Complications in Mechanically Ventilated Patients....Pages 961-980
Post-extubation Stridor....Pages 981-997
Front Matter....Pages 999-999
Bronchoscopy in Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care....Pages 1001-1015
Front Matter....Pages 1017-1017
Sedation, Analgesia and Neuromuscular Blockade in the Neonatal ICU....Pages 1019-1029
Sedation, Analgesia and Neuromuscular Blockade in the Paediatric ICU....Pages 1031-1059
Front Matter....Pages 1061-1061
Noninvasive Respiratory Support in the Neonate....Pages 1063-1071
Front Matter....Pages 1061-1061
Noninvasive Respiratory Support in the Paediatric Patient....Pages 1073-1097
Front Matter....Pages 1099-1099
Setting the Ventilator in the NICU....Pages 1101-1125
Setting the Ventilator in the PICU....Pages 1127-1142
Approaches to Adverse Patient-Ventilator Interactions....Pages 1143-1157
Front Matter....Pages 1159-1159
High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation in the Neonate....Pages 1161-1172
High-Frequency Jet Ventilation (HFJV)....Pages 1173-1181
Front Matter....Pages 1183-1183
Acute Neonatal Respiratory Failure....Pages 1185-1265
Chronic Respiratory Failure in Neonates....Pages 1267-1277
Pediatric Acute Lung Injury....Pages 1279-1290
Bronchiolitis....Pages 1291-1311
Pediatric Asthma....Pages 1313-1324
Diaphragmatic Palsy....Pages 1325-1330
Front Matter....Pages 1331-1331
Cardiopulmonary Interactions in the Ventilated Patient....Pages 1333-1366
Front Matter....Pages 1367-1367
Mechanical Ventilation in Infection, Sepsis and Organ Failure....Pages 1369-1384
Front Matter....Pages 1385-1385
Mechanical Ventilation in Neuromuscular Disorders....Pages 1387-1395
Front Matter....Pages 1397-1397
Tracheostomy....Pages 1399-1411
Front Matter....Pages 1413-1413
Weaning Children from Mechanical Ventilator Support....Pages 1415-1423
Weaning from Mechanical Ventilator Support in Neonates....Pages 1425-1431
Front Matter....Pages 1433-1433
Explicit Computerized Protocols for Mechanical Ventilation in Children and Neonates....Pages 1435-1446
Automated Control of Oxygen in Neonates....Pages 1447-1453
Front Matter....Pages 1433-1433
Automation of Weaning in Children....Pages 1455-1465
Automation of ALI/ARDS Ventilation in Children....Pages 1467-1472
Front Matter....Pages 1473-1473
Long-Term Outcomes After Mechanical Ventilation in Neonates....Pages 1475-1488
Long-Term Outcomes After Mechanical Ventilation in Children....Pages 1489-1499
Front Matter....Pages 1501-1501
Mechanical Ventilation in the Operating Room....Pages 1503-1521
Front Matter....Pages 1523-1523
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Acute Hypoxic Respiratory Failure....Pages 1525-1534
Front Matter....Pages 1535-1535
Evaluating Mechanical Ventilators for Use in Neonatal and Pediatric Patients....Pages 1537-1562
Front Matter....Pages 1563-1564
Organization Characteristics in North Africa....Pages 1565-1569
Organization Characteristics in North America....Pages 1571-1574
Organization Characteristics in South America....Pages 1575-1581
Organization Characteristics in Europe....Pages 1583-1588
Organization Characteristics in Oceania....Pages 1589-1595
Front Matter....Pages 1597-1597
Ethical Concerns....Pages 1599-1611
Back Matter....Pages 1613-1642


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